Jejak pemikiran


Di galeri kedua, temukan benda-benda pusaka yang telah mengilhami para ilmuwan dalam menjawab sejumlah misteri terbesar planet Bumi. Selama lebih dari tiga abad terakhir, para visioner telah merumuskan prinsip ilmiah dasar yang mendukung teori tentang alam. Mereka melontarkan pertanyaan, mendobrak batasan, dan bersungguh-sungguh menantang cara pendefinisian dan pemahaman ilmuwan akan planet kita beserta kehidupan di dalamnya.

Galeri ini juga memajang satu halaman tulisan tangan karya Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species, salah satu buku paling berpengaruh yang pernah ditulis.
 

Darwin’s On the Origin of Species manuscript
Darwin’s On the Origin of Species Manuscript
Around 1858–1859
 

 

On the Origin of Species is one of the most influential books ever written. This draft page, handwritten by Charles Darwin, comes from the chapter on instinct. Darwin finally published his book in 1859 after refining his ideas for 20 years. He knew it would be controversial to suggest that species evolved gradually and naturally, without the intervention of a divine authority, but the first edition was instantly sold out.

Sir Richard Owen
 
Sir Richard Owen  
 

A heavyweight thinker and distinguished comparative anatomist, Sir Richard Owen was well-known for his strong views and regular clashes with colleagues. He used his immense skill to identify extinct creatures and was the first person to name and describe dinosaurs, he was also credited as describing in detail the dodo bird.

 

Beetles collected by Alfred Russel Wallace
Beetles collected by Alfred Russel Wallace Darwin’s On the Origin of Species Manuscript
Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia 

While Alfred Russel Wallace was exploring the Molucca islands in Indonesia, he first formulated the concept of natural selection, the same mechanism that Charles Darwin had realised was key to evolution. One of Wallace’s inspirations was the incredible range of beetles he found in the region – 83,200 of which he collected. Here are just a few from his findings in the Malay Archipelago, now Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia.